Becoming a UK citizen is about more than a piece of paper or attending a citizenship ceremony. All those living as citizens of the UK have certain rights and responsibilities which must be observed and respected.
The UK does not have a written constitution as such. However, over many hundreds of years certain rights and responsibilities have become enshrined either through common law, statute law, European law or simply through custom and practice. The Human Rights Act 1989 gave effect in the UK to the European Convention on Human Rights which sets out the fundamental human rights deemed to apply to all citizens.
The Legal Rights of a UK Citizen
Underlying many of the rights and responsibilities of UK citizens is a sense of fairness which is central to life in the UK. Essentially UK citizens are permitted to live and work as they wish so long as they do not harm or interfere with the rights of others.
The relevant law in the UK is often far less prescriptive than in some other countries. For example, the right to free speech is considered by many to be central to the concept of being British. Many UK citizens believe passionately that this right overrides all other considerations including the offence or threat that may be posed by some citizens when exercising this right.
All UK citizens have the right to be treated fairly and equally regardless of their gender, race, age, religion, sexual preferences, political persuasion or any disability that they may have. UK citizens must respect the rights of their fellow citizens even if they find their way of life objectionable or offensive.
Specific rights also apply to children, employees, those with disabilities and married couples or those in civil partnerships. A parent’s rights to make decisions in respect of their children are not automatic and are derived from the concept of “parental responsibility”.
Freedom of Information
Since January 2005 all UK citizens have had the right to demand access to information about them held by public organisations. This right was introduced pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act 2000. The types of organisations covered by the Act include schools, doctors, hospitals and the police.
To exercise this right, a written request should be sent to the relevant organisation setting out the information that is required – requests should be as specific as possible. In some cases the organisation may charge a nominal fee and should provide the information within approximately a month if able to do so. Some information is exempt from disclosure. There are a number of reasons why this may be the case including national security and parliamentary or legal privilege.
The Responsibilities of UK Citizens
As well as enjoying these rights all UK citizens have a responsibility to respect the rights of others. UK citizens must also obey UK laws and regulations. UK citizens who are parents must protect and care for their children until they are at least 16 and must ensure that all children between the ages of 5 and 16 attend full-time education.
Withdrawal of UK Citizenship
Foreign nationals who have become naturalised British citizens should be aware that this is a privilege which can be revoked. The UK Border Agency can take away a person’s British citizenship at any time if they consider that it would be in the public interest to do so. UK citizenship that is found to have been acquired by fraud, through false statements or by the applicant having concealed relevant information will be withdrawn. The formal term for this is deprivation of citizenship.
In cases where citizenship should never have been granted in the first place or was granted in error, it may be treated as a “nullity”. The effect is as if the individual was never a UK citizen. In the case of either deprivation or nullity the individual may subsequently face deportation from the UK.
Hi, I would really appreciate some advice. I am a Swedish passport holder, born and raised in Sweden by Swedish parents. I moved to England permanently 23 years ago and have been married to a British citizen for 20 years. Our two children were born here and we have no plans to leave this country.
My question is, do I really need to apply for neutralisation before applying for my first British passport? I know that, as a Swede, I am allowed dual passports and having lived in this country for so long it seems silly that I should need to go through and pay for all of that just to get a passport!Could someone please advice. Thank you!
Nanne - 4-Apr-17 @ 4:19 PM
I am a British citizenand want to marry my partner who has indefinite leave to remain granted on compassionate grounds because she was seeking asylum prior to the indefinite .She has lived in the U.K.for about 17yrs this year and got the indefinite leave to remain in 2009.Do we need to apply to apply for a licence from the home office before we can marry.
Jay - 3-Feb-17 @ 7:25 PM
Benny - Your Question:
I married to British man 6 years ago. He works abroad & we both live abroad.I have 5 years multiple visit visa. so we go every year for summer holidays (2 months) I am not living in UK. How can I apply for my UK citizenship? As I am not living in UK. I really want to became British Citizen.
You cannot apply for British citizenship on the basis of being married. To apply for British citizenship you have to have been resident in the UK for a number of years. In order to do this, you would first have to apply for a spouse visa to live in the UK - but your husband would have to be living in the UK for you to be able to apply, please see link here.
AboutImmigration - 17-Jan-17 @ 2:53 PM
I married to British man 6 years ago. He worksabroad & we both live abroad.I have 5 years multiple visit visa. so we go every year for summer holidays (2 months)
I am not living in UK. How can i apply for my UK citizenship? As i am not living in UK.
I really want to becameBritish Citizen.
Benny - 17-Jan-17 @ 8:11 AM
kevin - Your Question:
Hello.im trying to find out informations about bringing my two dependants in ghana to uk. I included them in my visa application some years ago but now I want to bring them uk but they are aged 18 and over so want to know if need to send an evidence to prove that I really included them and want to know if apply as dependent though they are 18 and over.though I included in my visa application but just wanna clarify some few things.Thank you for your time
Please see gov.uk link here which will explain all.
AboutImmigration - 26-Sep-16 @ 2:54 PM
hello .im trying to find out informations aboutbringing my two dependantsin ghana to uk . I includedthem in my visa application some years ago but now i want tobring themuk but theyare aged 18 and over so want to know ifneed to send an evidence to prove that i really included them and want to knowif apply as dependent thoughthey are18 and over..though i included in my visa application but just wanna clarify some few things ..
Thank you for your time
kevin - 26-Sep-16 @ 12:23 AM
I am from Zambia and I have a daughter whose zambian passport which has an INDEFINITE LEAVE TO REMAIN stamp has expired. She would like to apply for Naturalization, is she supposed to renew the zambian passport before applying?
LEAH - 31-Mar-16 @ 6:49 PM
Can you be able to help me please I have been living in uk for the last 23 years had 3 daughters born in uk I have indefiniteleave visa since year 2000 I wanted to get British passport do I need to take the test and apply for British citizenship or can I just apply for British passport whitout all the test many thanks
Pat - 3-Mar-16 @ 12:19 PM
I went through your website and believed that you can help me in my issue.
I have a tier2 dependent visa till december 2016 and I left UK on 3rd Sep 2014 after bitter relationship with my wife who is teaching in a school there. We have a daughter aged 11 studying in London.
I have filed for a divorce in Indian courts in 2014 but since then my wife has continuously denying me talks with my daughter and also changed her address. After I left the UK she made false allegation against me to Police that I have threatened her and my daughter and left for India. For this, I spoke to police and told them as I have filed for divorce she has been making all these false complains.
Now my question is I want to visit London to check if my daughter is safe and I feel that what if my wife has complained to UKBA for cancellation of my visa?
I also want to file for divorce in London also. if I file for divorce and then join my work in india and wants to go back to UK so will that be considered?
Sharma - 24-Dec-15 @ 8:12 AM
I'm a UK citizen, 65+, what right's - if any - does my Mexican wife have in the UK. We've been married for almost three years. In fact we got married in the UK.
celticrover - 20-Dec-15 @ 6:24 PM
Kita - Your Question:
Hi, looking for advice, I was born in South Africa and married a South African and we now have two children. I am a British citizen according to my british passport, we have come to the UK, me on my BP and them on a 6 month family visit visa on their sa passport now that we are here we have decided it would be best for us to stay as the quality of life is much better and my mother is sickly and nobody to look after her or my minor brother, I understand there are the 18600 a year earning law but surely we can find another option as we have nothing to go back to in SA, any advice would be greatly appreciated
I'm afraid there is no 'other' criteria for your family to stay, apart from the requirements laid out in the; 'gov.uk - 'apply to remain in the UK with family' link here . Also, to be taken into account will be your children which elevates the requirements to £22,400 per year for you and one child and £2,400 per year for each additional child.
AboutImmigration - 1-Oct-15 @ 12:57 PM
Hi, looking for advice, I was born in South Africa and married a South African and we now have two children. I am a British citizen according to my british passport, we have come to the UK, me on my BP and them on a 6 month family visit visa on their sa passport now that we are here we have decided it would be best for us to stay as the quality of life is much better and my mother is sickly and nobody to look after her or my minor brother, i understand there are the 18600 a year earning law but surely we can find another option as we have nothing to go back to in SA, any advice would be greatly appreciated
Kita - 30-Sep-15 @ 2:48 PM
I've been married to my Jamaican husband for 20 months now. We got married in jamaica and he's been living and working in the uk for the past 15 months. His current visa expires after 3 years in 2017 (spousal visa). what would be the next process do we have to wait till the visa expires. we have just had a baby, And what would be the next procedure. Im totally confused.
hotcathy - 14-Sep-15 @ 9:08 PM
Hi i am from Thailand I have a British citizen passport my passport have run out since March 2012.I was living with my mum at that time didn't know I have to change address.would I have a problem with renew it.What documents do i need to give it to them.is it just my old passport that run out of date.
P - 13-Jul-15 @ 6:15 PM
@tariq - I am sorry to hear this. However, because it is such a complicated situation she would have to take some independent legal advice regards her citizenship via the link here. With regards to her in-laws keeping her documents, she may have to seek advice from the police in Pakistan to have them returned. I hope this helps.
AboutImmigration - 20-May-15 @ 10:17 AM
My friends daughter got married with a British Citizen, couple of years back. A spouse joining visa was issued to the girl. she travelled and stay with her spouse in UK for about 6 months. The British Citizen had got a brain and lungs cancer since 2007, diagnosed to be Ewing Sarcoma. He did not disclose this fact to his spouse. Even relatives of the girl did came to know after marriage. The patient was under treatment with NHS hospitals and having various surgeries etc. in London Cancer Hospital. In March 2015 the Doctors finally refused to make further treatement, according to them there is no remedy left to save the patient. Since, parents of patient lived in Pakistan, and doctors advised to decide immediately the place he want to live till death. The parents brought patient back to Pakistan. Now the spouse of patient who did also travelled back queit earlier, had not applied in UK as for permanent visa. The parents of patient (who is paralyzed and unconscious) have been rude to the girl and upheld her passport, and not giving her access and right to apply for permanent residence as a wife of a British Citizen. She is in Pakistan her previous visa got expired. and passport and other docuemnts are held with the family of her husband. She has been aggrieved and victim for the hidden desease of her British husband. Please advise , how she proceed, the patient is chronic condition, heading towards worst day by day,
tariq - 16-May-15 @ 9:35 AM
I am Barbadian, was born in 1955 before Barbados gained independence from Britain, my father left for Britain in 1955 and obviously had a British passport, I met my husband 10 years ago and we got married in Barbados 6 years ago and I still don't have any British status!! How can I go about getting status without breaking the bank?
chocolate butterfly - 27-Jan-15 @ 12:12 AM
Hello, I was married to a british citizen, and divorced after one year. I have a baby from my ex husband and he was born outside the UK. I would ask if my kid has the right to be a british citizen and if yes what i ve to do ? Thank you
jas - 26-Sep-14 @ 7:20 PM
Hi, I am married to an English citizen. We have been together for 11 years, and married for 4. We have a 12 year old daughter and have a home in England, but are living in the US as of right now spending our summers in UK. We want to move to England permanently and I am looking for the resources I need to make it all legit. We live a quite unconventional life as artists and have not definite plan as of yet. Is it possible to travel there, enroll our daughter in school- make our decision to stay and then move forward with all of the paperwork and legalities? Thanks for any advice offered.
Njoy - 22-Sep-14 @ 9:44 PM
I am a south African who entered the UK in Feb 2005 with a spouse settlement visa. In 2007 I applied for indefinite leave to remain which I received, I have worked for almost 10 years in the UK with NHS and now am a carer in the community, my then husband left in 2008.
. I have been with my present partner for almost 5 years andwish to marry in the UK. I have parents who live in the UK who are very elderliyer born in Palestine in 1928 to polish morher, father born in South Africa to British born parents, my question is am I still required to write the test or is there another route I can take, yours sincerely, Fiona rutlidge
fiona - 25-Jun-14 @ 10:47 AM
Hello,I am trying to find out information about acquiring citizenship in uk,. My Mother had dual citizenship and was born in UK and lived in USA,. she passed away many years ago, in the UK.She had dual Citizenship. I aways wanted to live in UK, and have recently met a man online, visited him in UK and we want to be together, but not marry, right away.My frustration lies in the process of being able to apply for citizenship, based on Mother's heritage. It is complex to deal with from the US. Am I allowed to come for visit, and go to an Agency in UK to acquire information? My Mother was born in the 1930's. I was born in 1962. I apologize if this is not a correct process to inquire my information, and thank you for your time.