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EU Citizens Working in the UK

By: Louise Smith, barrister - Updated: 23 Nov 2017 | comments*Discuss
 
Eu Citizens Working In The Uk

Despite the vote to exit the EU, the UK will still remain a member of the EU until Article 50 negotiations have concluded. This means most citizens of countries in the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland have the right to live and work in the UK under European law. European nationals may also bring their family with them to live in the UK. However, to exercise the right to live in the UK nationals of these countries must be able to support themselves and their families without having to rely on public funds.

Anyone working in the UK must register with Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs and are liable to pay income tax and national insurance contributions provided their income exceeds the tax-free minimum.

Working in the UK

European nationals with the right to live in the UK are, with certain exceptions, are still entitled to work in the UK and do not need to obtain a visa or work permit in order to do so. European nationals have the same rights as UK citizens in this respect, and employers must treat them equally. An employer who treats an EEA or Swiss worker differently purely because he is not from the UK is guilty of discrimination.

EEA nationals and their family members can be employed, self-employed or start their own businesses in the UK. If the family members of an EEA national exercising his right to live in the UK are not themselves EEA or Swiss nationals they will have to apply for an EEA family permit before they travel to the UK.

Remaining in the UK

EU nationals who have lawfully resided in the UK for at least five years automatically have permanent residence. After six years, EU nationals who have lived continuously and lawfully in the UK are eligible to apply for British citizenship.

Croatian Nationals

Due to the transitional arrangements that were put in place when Croatia joined the EU in 2013,Croatian nationals may have to apply for a registration certificate to be allowed to work in the UK. This will depend on whether they need permission to work in the UK, and what they will be doing. Applications will continue to be processed as usual, despite the Brexit vote.

Document checks to work in the UK

To find out if a potential employee has the right to work in the UK and what documents employers should check, or if you want to find out which documents you, as an employee need to produce to prove you’re eligible to work in the UK, please see link here.

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[Add a Comment]
@Noby you can use the old style Hungarian passport to enter the UK as long as it is still valid. Also note that when you arrive in the UK you will not be able to use the EU channel for passports as that passport is not biometric. You will have to see a border officer.
TJ. - 23-Nov-17 @ 8:59 AM
@Lally if you are an Italian citizen with a valid passport or national ID you are free to live and work in the UK without restrictions.
TJ. - 23-Nov-17 @ 8:53 AM
@PaschsI86 unfortunately you will have to wait until the decision is made. Though if you applied for an EEA family permit the decision should not be taking this long.
TJ. - 23-Nov-17 @ 8:51 AM
Hi, I have a valid Hungarian passport, but do not have my EU passport.I intend to enter the UK with my Hungarian passport.Am I allowed to work in the UK?Or do I need to specifically have an EU passport?
Noby - 22-Nov-17 @ 7:57 AM
Respected sir,i had italianpassport cani workandlivein u.k
Lally - 21-Nov-17 @ 5:57 PM
Hello everyone, I am Italian citizen living and working in Uk. My wife who is a Nigerian National currently leaves in Nigeria. I applied for her to come leave with me in uk since July 2017 but haven’t got any good news regarding the application till now. I want to ask if I can submit another application trough Italian embassy for her to be able to be in Italy before Christmas so I don’t have to travel back to Nigeria.? But the problem is that her passport is still with the UK DECISION MAKING CENTRE. Any advice? Thanks
Paschsl86 - 19-Nov-17 @ 3:12 PM
@Pety EU citizens have the right to work, live and study in the UK as long as the UK still remains in the EU. Brexit will not happen until at least March 2019.
TJ. - 28-Oct-17 @ 7:32 AM
Hi , I am EU citizen , living in UK for the past seven years . Five years ago I had applied for work permit , and because my children at that time had been dependant on me , I was made them applicants for work permit,too. Unfortunately the person , who did the application on my behalf put the wrong address and the cards for three of us had been lost . I have done second attempt to get cards reprinted . Than I lost any hope. My question is about my son in connection with Brexit. As an EU member ,does he still has rights to work , because he studied in a Uni , outside of UK ? Thanks
Pety - 27-Oct-17 @ 1:23 PM
I have at least 15 clients that are from EU countries are unable to not only obtain National Insurance numbers and also can not the obtain Unique Taxpayer Reference numbers. They have attended at least 15 appointments to show their earnings and profit and are still turned down. Under U.K. law, the ability to prove residence means they are entitled to use the NHS! Not that they are questioned. These people want to pay their dues to the community they live in, but are not given the ability. Our infrastructure is under pressure but those in power weigh it down with petty and stupid decisions. Thousands of educated asylum seekers enter our country which is commendable but they are unable to work and are then given accommodation, food and clothing, as well as being paid until the countries they escape are restored to normality. Do you think these people want a free ride? Why not offer them a short term working visa? We discourage tax payers, we hand out what seems to other countries free money and liberty, we then complain when we are targeted! We also seem to forget that we were once a supreme power and to attain that position we raped and pillaged most of the world. We were arrogant and even though as a country we were leaders in science and engineering our advancement was to the detriment of others, but now we fine and abhor those that follow in our wake. Wars are and have been started not because of morals but because of commodities, The world is not about countries, safety or security. It is about ownership. Sort it out, our children rely on us to make decisions that will shape their future, why are we so tied up on who owns who? Who is richer? There will always be a leader! It is a human way, happy followers are what drives progression
lildanfen - 12-Oct-17 @ 2:45 AM
Hi, Can EU citizens legally work in UK and EU country together? Someone from EU citizen working in UK and she also get job offer in her country. Can she do both job together? As she going to pay tax for both country. Thanks
rima - 10-Oct-17 @ 2:16 PM
Mum - Your Question:
My two daughters 19 and 20 years old arrived to UK in 2016 to study full time on Uni. Although got the tutition loan for study they are not entitled to get any other support for living as grants or schollarship as they didn’t live in UK for last 3 years themselves. I am single mum working in UK for last 13 years and paying tax. Our financial situation is really hard as 3 of us living just from my income. Is there any way to apply for grants or schollarship or any little support to their living expeces?

Our Response:
I can only give you a link via the UKCISA link here , which may help further.
AboutImmigration - 10-Oct-17 @ 11:23 AM
My two daughters 19 and 20 years old arrived to UK in 2016 to study full time on Uni. Although got the tutition loan for study they are not entitled to get any other support for living as grants or schollarship as they didn’t live in UK for last 3 years themselves. I am single mum working in UK for last 13 years and paying tax. Our financial situation is really hard as 3 of us living just from my income.Is there any way to apply for grants or schollarship or any little support to their living expeces?
Mum - 9-Oct-17 @ 8:48 AM
I am British Citizen my wife from Syria she have a germanResident card for a family members of eu citizen we want to go back to the uk, is there any problem crosing the boarder to the uk as I have been in germany only for few months my wife and Daughter for about 18 months
Alfa - 14-Sep-17 @ 12:04 PM
pete - Your Question:
Our son as a son to a german girl he was with 10 yr ago in scotland they saw each other for some time after his birth. Then she and the child went back to germany,they both came back to UK in January this year. She put a claim in for job seekers she had to wait for 3 mth to get this, she gets child ben; and child tax ben. She has had a letter say she can no longer get job seekers and more or less told her she as to have a good reason to stay in the UK

Our Response:
People who have been continuously living here for five years will be able to apply to stay indefinitely by getting ‘settled status’. However, as your son's ex has left the country, she may no longer to be entitled to remain once the Brexit negotiations have completed, please see link here .
AboutImmigration - 5-Sep-17 @ 3:45 PM
our son as a son to a german girl he was with 10 yr ago in scotland they saw each other for some time after his birth . Then she and the child went back to germany,they both came back to UK in January this year. She put a claim in for job seekers she had to wait for 3 mth to get this, she gets child ben; and child tax ben . She has had a letter say she can no longer get job seekers and more or less told her she as to have a good reason to stay in the UK
pete - 1-Sep-17 @ 6:39 PM
Hello, I have lived in the UK for 5 years and now left as I have moved to Canada. I did let HMRC know that I am leaving the country. Now, if for any reason I decide to move back to the UK before Brexit, Can I still apply for permanent residency? Thank you
Paolo - 7-Aug-17 @ 7:02 PM
Hello!! I am planing to move to UK from Germany. As I am German Citizen. I want to work there as an unskilled worker. Do i need to take Visa or Work Permit to work in UK? As I have found on internet EU citizen not required to take work permit. So i can look for work and start work without have Tax Number or Social Security Number? Can anyone suggest me way to start ? I will be very thanksfull to them. Thanking You. Regards, Hardikkumar Patel.
hardik - 22-Jul-17 @ 11:26 AM
Is this correct that EU citizens must register at the police station near their home, even though they have a job, National Insurance and are registered with HMRC?
lloyd44 - 8-Apr-17 @ 8:44 PM
Hi i have been in uk as eu family member for 11 years .i am working full time always and never applied for benefit .can i get permanent residence as long residence in uk?
azzam - 17-Mar-17 @ 6:44 PM
M - Your Question:
Hi, I live in the UK for 11 years now with my parents who are in full time employment. I graduate this year and I'm getting married to a British citizen this year. My family have Polish passports. What is the best thing to do now? Do we need to apply for British citizenship? Are there any other documents we might need? Or because we have been here for over 10 years, study, work, pay taxes and dont claim benefits, we do not need to do anything? I am very confused and a little concerned as to what's going to happen.

Our Response:
Please see gov.uk link here which will explain your position and options.
AboutImmigration - 14-Mar-17 @ 2:06 PM
Hi, I live in the UK for 11 years now with my parents who are in full time employment. I graduate this year and I'm getting married to a British citizen this year. My family have Polish passports. What is the best thing to do now? Do we need to apply for British citizenship? Are there any other documents we might need? Or because we have been here for over 10 years, study, work, pay taxes and dont claim benefits, we do not need to do anything? I am very confused and a little concerned as to what's going to happen.
M - 13-Mar-17 @ 11:29 PM
I have lived in Scotland with my Scottish partner since December 2015. I have worked here for more than one year. I would like to know if I am required to do anything at this stage, e.g. complete a registration certificate, in order to ensure my right to stay in the UK post Brexit?
Andrzej - 11-Mar-17 @ 12:39 PM
Ant - Your Question:
Hi,I am Greek (with a Greek passport) living in the UK since 1999. Since, I've been in full time employment continuously, with the exemption of a few months (after being redundant) while I was looking for alternative work. I was married with a British whom I had a son with, now separated. I have also continuously be living here without leaving the country longer than the normal time for holidays which has never been more than 2 weeks. As these are my current circumstances, the question I have is whether I will be entitled to UK citizenship or any other form of status which will allow me to continue to live and work here. Any ideas/suggestions/help, will be highly appreciated.

Our Response:
Please see gov.uk link here which should help answer your question.
AboutImmigration - 8-Mar-17 @ 11:29 AM
Hi, I am Greek (with a Greek passport) living in the UK since 1999. Since, I've been in full time employment continuously, with the exemption of a few months (after being redundant) while I was looking for alternative work. I was married with a British whom I had a son with, now separated. I have also continuously be living here without leaving the country longer than the normal time for holidays which has never been more than 2 weeks. As these are my current circumstances, the question I have is whether I will be entitled to UK citizenship or any other form of status which will allow me to continue to live and work here. Any ideas/suggestions/help, will be highly appreciated.
Ant - 7-Mar-17 @ 11:59 AM
Hi we have EU passports me and my hubby and 2 kids. We come from SA... we want to nake UK our home. So i want to know is it worth all the Brexit troubles or not... we did live in uk 10years ago without passports but visas. We want to move to Kent dont know what schools to choose from.. coz its so different from SA schools.i need an adviser that can assist me with this matters... and i still have my NI no from many years ago.. will that still work or do i need to apply for new NI no for me and my Hubby... adviser would be good....
Jonesie - 4-Mar-17 @ 2:58 PM
Hello, I'm British. My wife is Hungarian, we got married in the UK 3.5 years ago, and she has worked and paid NI contributions here since 2008. We also own our own house. With the scare mongering stories in the news about non-Brits being deported even if they have married one, is my wife in realistic threat of being deported? Does she need to do a British Citizenship application (which I believe is circa £1.4k!) or is she ok? Any advice would be most appreciated, many thanks indeed.
JLO - 3-Mar-17 @ 4:26 PM
Hi all, I have a question no one has been able to help with... I am Italian and I have lived continuously in London for 11 years. For family overseen reasons I came back to Italy in December 2016 and filled in an P85 form (to get my taxes back for that current year) as I didn't know what would have happened here in Italy. Things have dramatically changed now and I would like to go back to London I understand that in theory I cannot work in the UK till April 2017 if I decided to go back but would I be allowed to apply for permanent residency? Can I apply online from Italy? Thanks guys for your help
YAYA - 1-Mar-17 @ 8:30 PM
TheLocalGuy - Your Question:
Well, if UK does not protect the rights for EU citizens like me who the past 4 years were paying a fortune in taxes and contributing to the economy I will just go live in Sweeden or another country.Good luck trying to cover my position. It only took us 13 months just to find a junior :)

Our Response:
You can see more via the gov.uk link here which will give you more information regarding your rights to stay in the UK.
AboutImmigration - 28-Feb-17 @ 2:41 PM
Well, if UK does not protect the rights for EU citizens like me who the past 4 years were paying a fortune in taxes and contributing to the economy I will just go live in Sweeden or another country. Good luck trying to cover my position. It only took us 13 months just to find a junior :)
TheLocalGuy - 28-Feb-17 @ 8:05 AM
Hi, Thanks for this article. Would you be able to provide any advice for EU migrants coming to the UK after the triggering of Article 50? If I understand correctly, we have no current guarantees that they will be permitted to stay (or not stay...) on a permanent basis and that their status depends on negotiations with the EU that should occurr following the triggering of Article 50. I realise there is lots of speculation at the moment and that everything depends on negotiations, it's just so incredibly frustrating and nervewracking that we have no information on what will happen in the future. It is almost like trying to plan for a future on quick-sand! Thank you!
Itue - 25-Feb-17 @ 11:04 AM
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