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EU Citizens Working in the UK

By: Louise Smith, barrister - Updated: 14 Aug 2018 | comments*Discuss
Eu Citizens Working In The Uk

Despite the vote to exit the EU, the UK will still remain a member of the EU until Article 50 negotiations have concluded. This means most citizens of countries in the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland have the right to live and work in the UK under European law. European nationals may also bring their family with them to live in the UK. However, to exercise the right to live in the UK nationals of these countries must be able to support themselves and their families without having to rely on public funds.

Anyone working in the UK must register with Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs and are liable to pay income tax and national insurance contributions provided their income exceeds the tax-free minimum.

Working in the UK

European nationals with the right to live in the UK are, with certain exceptions, are still entitled to work in the UK and do not need to obtain a visa or work permit in order to do so. European nationals have the same rights as UK citizens in this respect, and employers must treat them equally. An employer who treats an EEA or Swiss worker differently purely because he is not from the UK is guilty of discrimination.

EEA nationals and their family members can be employed, self-employed or start their own businesses in the UK. If the family members of an EEA national exercising his right to live in the UK are not themselves EEA or Swiss nationals they will have to apply for an EEA family permit before they travel to the UK.

Remaining in the UK

EU nationals who have lawfully resided in the UK for at least five years automatically have permanent residence. After six years, EU nationals who have lived continuously and lawfully in the UK are eligible to apply for British citizenship.

Croatian Nationals

Due to the transitional arrangements that were put in place when Croatia joined the EU in 2013,Croatian nationals may have to apply for a registration certificate to be allowed to work in the UK. This will depend on whether they need permission to work in the UK, and what they will be doing. Applications will continue to be processed as usual, despite the Brexit vote.

Document checks to work in the UK

To find out if a potential employee has the right to work in the UK and what documents employers should check, or if you want to find out which documents you, as an employee need to produce to prove you’re eligible to work in the UK, please see link here.

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My friend is an Italian citizen who has lived in this country for 3 years. One of her daughters works in UK and the other at university in UK. After Brexit would her husband, who lives in Italy, be able to visit the UK to see his daughters?
Donald - 14-Aug-18 @ 9:31 AM
Hi, Myself and my 2 children have dual citizenship - ZA and EU.My husband only has ZA citizenship.We are looking to immigrate to the UK in 2019.When would be the latest that we can immigrate without having to get a work visa for myself?
RB - 13-Aug-18 @ 4:34 PM
@kami - EU citizens are free to move to the UK without any restrictions until 30.06.2021
TJ. - 8-Aug-18 @ 9:13 AM
IAmItalianCitizen AndIWant ToWorkand Live InEnglandAndIsImmigrationOpen OrWhatisLiving Criteria In UKbecause Now UKIsLeavingEuropean Union Please Guide Me
Kami - 8-Aug-18 @ 7:39 AM
@jon - I think it depends upon the final brexit deal and what the situation of free EU movement agreement ends up being. If no agreement is made then you'd have to apply for a visitor visa I'm sure. Col.
CO - 2-Aug-18 @ 10:45 AM
I am a non British and EU, EEA citizen. Have lived in Britain for periods over 5 years in past but currently living in middle east.My wife and kids are British citizens and we own a second residential second home in Britain as well as property investment footprint and directorship in UK ltds and have never been a burden to the UK state. If we wanted to move to Britain over the next few years I guess my family can just move as citizens but will I be stuck in the middle east?What if only my family lives in Britain will there be any changes if I wish to visit them?
jon - 1-Aug-18 @ 2:29 PM
@Henry - the proposed deadline date is 31.12.2020 but a deal has not yet been finalized
TJ. - 27-Jul-18 @ 6:29 PM
I am Portuguese. May I ask a question? Q: When is the deadline to arrive UK so that I stay and work five years to becomeeligible to apply UK citizenship? Is it 29 Mar 2019 or 31 Dec 2020 other else?
Henry - 27-Jul-18 @ 5:04 PM
I am Portuguese working in the Uk for the past one year. I want to bring two of my daughters to the UK after the Brexit deal is completed.That is, I may bring them to the UK in 2023. My question is will they be allowed entry and right to work in the UK by then ? Please advise me on this.Thank you. Neil
neil - 22-Jul-18 @ 9:50 AM
@Fidel - There has been no change in the rights of EU citizens loving in the UK.
TJ. - 21-Jul-18 @ 11:38 AM
Hi can anyone help me please. I am Portuguese an I live in France, I want to shift to Uk before brexit in March 29. To settle there in Uk, so will I get permanent status in Uk if I move there now. Thanks
Fidel - 21-Jul-18 @ 6:18 AM
Alexandra Sousa - Your Question:
I come from portugal to work in aa hotel Can I be fired after one week, even when is still two week from my flight back home?

Our Response:
Yes, you can be dismissed. Please see the link here.
AboutImmigration - 19-Jul-18 @ 12:05 PM
i come from portugal to work in aa hotel Can i be fired after one week, even when is still two week from my flight back home?
Alexandra Sousa - 18-Jul-18 @ 4:49 PM
@Madz - She will only be allowed to work in the UK if she is sponsored for a visa which allows her to work.
TJ. - 16-Jul-18 @ 1:13 PM
@Muna - The proposed cutoff date for EU citizens to come and live in the UK without restriction in 31.12.2020
TJ. - 16-Jul-18 @ 1:11 PM
Hi, Could you please help me with this question. I have a niece who is a Filipino citizen but also a Latvian resident. Is she allowed to work in the UK even though she is not a Citizen in Latvia but only a resident? Many thanks. Have a good day x
Madz - 16-Jul-18 @ 12:01 PM
The sister who is a Portuguese is studying in uk can her brother join her to continue studying in the u.k after brexitthat is after cut off date .What is the exact cut off date as per the draft agreement.brother living in kenya an e.u citizen
Muna - 15-Jul-18 @ 7:42 AM
Hi im an dual citizen between australia and lithuania, im wondering after the brexit takes place what do i then need to do to be able to live in england
Pat - 10-Jul-18 @ 7:02 AM
@Pinto - You do not need any permit to work in the UK. You can arrive at any time and apply for work as long as you have a valid passport or ID card. You should do this before Brexit
TJ. - 4-Jul-18 @ 9:19 AM
Hi I am Portuguese Citizenship I interesting to work in England. Is it possible for me to get an information. what are the conditions should i have to complete to permit me to work in London...? Thanks I am looking for detail information Carmo
Pinto - 4-Jul-18 @ 6:29 AM
Hi, I am a Belgian resident and national who is working based out of the UK with a UK airline. How will brexit affect my employment status? I have been employed in the UK for the last 2 years but always resided in Belgium with the exception of 3 months. Regards.
Neas - 28-Jun-18 @ 6:38 PM
Hi, got an EU Italian friend living and working in U.K. His passport just expired and could not renew cause unable to provide one of the documents, birth certificate. Is alright to use Affidavit of Birth.
Gee - 25-Jun-18 @ 9:12 AM
@Muna - According to the draft deal, EU citizens and their families will be able to move to the UK until 2021 without any restriction.
TJ. - 24-Jun-18 @ 8:52 PM
My daughter is in uk studying can her brother mother join her after brexit and transition period both are Portuguese national but leaving in kenya
Muna - 24-Jun-18 @ 7:52 AM
Hi, I am a EU citizen with a National Insurance Number (which i have acquired a few years back when i was working in the UK). Am I still entitled to go to UK for work of do I need any special permit?
Laruccia - 14-Jun-18 @ 1:12 PM
Hello there i was born in UK never travelled abroad;, my family tree backround is czech But i still get asked for proof of status to be able to reside forever how can i do that as this is a huge factor for me and is causig many issues; thanks in advance.
Maruamaliiiii - 12-Jun-18 @ 6:30 PM
AnitC - Your Question:
Hi, I am a uk citizen. I have just graduated from university and I want to move to Spain and travel and work in fall 2018. Do I need a visa or just go there freely for the next next and look for a job when I get there?

Our Response:
The UK and EU still has freedom of movement until March 2019. Before March 2019, you will have to apply for a residency permit if you wish to stay after Brexit is finalised.
AboutImmigration - 4-Jun-18 @ 10:17 AM
Hi. I'm non EU citizen living in Italy but my wife is a EU citizen. Can we go UK and get work permit together.? Which documents I need?
Tarsem - 3-Jun-18 @ 5:49 PM
Hi, I am a uk citizen. I have just graduated from university and I want to move to Spain and travel and work in fall 2018. Do I need a visa or just go there freely for the next next and look for a job when I get there?
AnitC - 3-Jun-18 @ 11:04 AM
I am looking for information for a friend. She has a Dutch Passport, was born in Holland. She has lived in the UK most of her life as have her parents. She worked as a nurse with the NHS for many years. She is married to a UK citizen and they have two children. They are currently living in the USA for her husbands work and are unsure of when they will return. What will be her status after Brexit and also the status of their children? They still own a house in the UK. What would be her best course of action? Many Thanks
JAYG - 1-Jun-18 @ 4:55 PM
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