Home > Workers > EU Citizens Working in the UK

EU Citizens Working in the UK

By: Louise Smith, barrister - Updated: 28 Jan 2020 | comments*Discuss
Eu Citizens Working In The Uk

Despite the vote to exit the EU, the UK will still remain a member of the EU until Article 50 negotiations have concluded. This means most citizens of countries in the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland have the right to live and work in the UK under European law. European nationals may also bring their family with them to live in the UK. However, to exercise the right to live in the UK nationals of these countries must be able to support themselves and their families without having to rely on public funds.

Anyone working in the UK must register with Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs and are liable to pay income tax and national insurance contributions provided their income exceeds the tax-free minimum.

Working in the UK

European nationals with the right to live in the UK are, with certain exceptions, are still entitled to work in the UK and do not need to obtain a visa or work permit in order to do so. European nationals have the same rights as UK citizens in this respect, and employers must treat them equally. An employer who treats an EEA or Swiss worker differently purely because he is not from the UK is guilty of discrimination.

EEA nationals and their family members can be employed, self-employed or start their own businesses in the UK. If the family members of an EEA national exercising his right to live in the UK are not themselves EEA or Swiss nationals they will have to apply for an EEA family permit before they travel to the UK.

Remaining in the UK

EU nationals who have lawfully resided in the UK for at least five years automatically have permanent residence. After six years, EU nationals who have lived continuously and lawfully in the UK are eligible to apply for British citizenship.

Croatian Nationals

Due to the transitional arrangements that were put in place when Croatia joined the EU in 2013,Croatian nationals may have to apply for a registration certificate to be allowed to work in the UK. This will depend on whether they need permission to work in the UK, and what they will be doing. Applications will continue to be processed as usual, despite the Brexit vote.

Document checks to work in the UK

To find out if a potential employee has the right to work in the UK and what documents employers should check, or if you want to find out which documents you, as an employee need to produce to prove you’re eligible to work in the UK, please see link here.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
Hi I live in uk for last 19 years, I gotslovakian I'd card, my son got uk citizenship.Do I need to register for permanent residence. Thanks
Dre - 28-Jan-20 @ 1:21 PM
hello sir, I want to know that about immigration visa and live in uk and work,so i amcitizen france, how i will do for work permit in uk please kindly answer me thanks mong france
marma - 5-Jan-20 @ 10:07 AM
Hi My son, born in the UK, but Austrian citizen, got a job offer in the UK. He is currently residing in South Africa but will start working in the UK in March. Is he still eligible to go to the UK without a Visa and bring his South African wife with. He is an engineer and she is an occupational therapist.
Ingi - 11-Dec-19 @ 1:24 PM
Hello, I am a canadian citizen who is working in the uk with my husband who is also canadian. We are moving back to Canada due to our tier 5 youth mobility visa expiring. We love our jobs and our employers really want to sponsor us to stay longer under a tier 2 visa. Unfortunately my job is considered unskilled so I automatically don't qualify for a sponsorship and him and I obviously didn't want to split up. So my question is, if I have a dutch passport, something I qualify to get since my father was born I'm holland, can I then with a EU passport qualify to work in the uk without a visa? On top of that question would my husband then be able to move and work here with me since we are legally married?
kaitie - 28-Nov-19 @ 5:11 PM
How will Brexit affect a Portuguese employee of our UK company?The person in questions lives and works from Portugal on our payroll - a UK company based in the UK?
Sue - 28-Nov-19 @ 1:18 PM
Im portuguese live and work with NI card sence i move in UK always pay my tax my bills imcan i vote for british governament???
- 22-Nov-19 @ 1:22 PM
Hi, l am a Bulgarian citizen, l have master amd bachelor from Italian University. I want to move work and live in UK. Already find a job, what and how long will be the legally proces to obtain all necessary documents. Thanks a lot.
Ragazzo - 10-Nov-19 @ 7:25 AM
I am an Austrian citizen with a job opportunity in UK, but my wife and children don't have EU nationality. If I get the job in the UK might I ask for my family to join me? Regards, David R
DavidR - 4-Nov-19 @ 9:39 PM
Hola, voy a vivir a UK y me han ofrecido trabajo, que necesito para poder trabajar?
Oscar Gosp Mendoza - 30-Oct-19 @ 10:41 AM
Hello, I am a British citizen living in the UK and my girlfriend, who is Italian, is planning to move to the uk in December 2019 or January 2020. What must we do in order to ensure she can stay. Thanks
Wildeman - 27-Sep-19 @ 10:36 AM
Hello, I am an Italian national ex manager retired from an engineering company. My wife (67 years old) and I (71 years old) intend to move and live as permanent residents in UK. We are planning to buy a house in cash. I do not intend to work in UK but will live on my and my wife's retirement pensions. The reason is that we want to live near our two children (and grandchildren) who have been resident in UK for many years (one is also married in UK with a UK national). What formality should be comply with?
alvaro - 22-Sep-19 @ 5:21 PM
I have italian passaport and I'm going to move to UK before the brexit, in January 2020. I would like to sure If I will be abble to work and live in this time, because many people are speaking to me that won't possible to work in UK after october (when the brexit will happen).
Will - 16-Aug-19 @ 3:03 PM
hi I have polish nationalty can I work in UK from October 2019
nawI - 15-Aug-19 @ 9:27 PM
My daughter has dual Citizenship ( Australian and Italian) and is currently working in the UK. Does she need a visa to work and what does she need to do regarding Brexit?
jabricci - 4-Aug-19 @ 11:25 PM
Good day, my husband is a British citizen wants to return, I hold Italian citizenship and have a EU passport. Was born in South Africa. My husband wants to return to the UK. What requirements are needed for me.
Sue - 13-Jul-19 @ 7:36 AM
Hi there, my wife is French and I am an Australian citizen and I got offered a job in the UK ,I was wondering is there any EU spouse type visa that I can apply for to be able to work and live in the UK ,rather than going through the painful process of work place sponsorship ? Much appreciated
SS - 11-Jul-19 @ 3:06 PM
hi im british but my partner is from the czech republic we aren't married but we have two children who are also british. my partner has lived in the uk since 2001 and does have a national insurance number. I was just wondering what she has to do with brexit coming up she has a czech identity card and not a passport. Do we have to apply for british citizenship for her or does she automatically qualify to live. look forward to hearing from you
ace4grrace - 20-Jun-19 @ 10:20 PM
Please l 'm planning toresettle in UK,as l have spent my 8 yearsin deutschland, but am seriouslyconfusedabout thisBrexist or whateveryou guys called it, do l needmore informationbeforemaking move.
Francisco - 16-May-19 @ 7:15 AM
I live in UK since 2001, do I need to have a passport or British passport to live in UK?
Rick - 10-Apr-19 @ 1:04 PM
I have Italian passport and lived and worked in UK for over 55 years. What is my status after Brexit? Am I still classed as ‘settled status’ given length of time I’ve been here? Can I have both UK and Italian passport?
Teresa - 5-Apr-19 @ 9:39 AM
@Goldie - If you have Indefinite Leave to Remain you will not need to apply for settled status however if you have Permanent Residency which is under EU law you will need to apply for settled status as this will become invalid after Brexit.
TJ. - 27-Mar-19 @ 9:09 AM
I have had ILR for over 20 years.Do I still need to apply for settled status? The current citizenship application process is convoluted and expensive - will this be streamlined with the settled-status system? Thank you
Goldie - 26-Mar-19 @ 5:19 PM
@Basharat - The UK is not part of Schengen and therefore you will require a visa to visit another EU country depending on whether your nationality requires a visa to visit those countries.
TJ. - 21-Mar-19 @ 9:23 AM
I have 5 years visa in Uk Do I need visato goEurope
Basharat - 21-Mar-19 @ 12:52 AM
@Vince you will still be able to move to the UK without any restriction until December 2020 whether there is a Brexit deal or not.
TJ. - 19-Mar-19 @ 8:53 AM
I have an italian passport and I would like to live in England in 2020, will I Need visa or permission from UK authorities?
Vince - 18-Mar-19 @ 9:21 PM
Hi I'm a Norwegian that have a girlfriend who's family are British. I'm looking to try and find work close to where she lives but all this brexit mess. Been trying to read up on what I need to do but I can't make heads or tails of it.
CA - 5-Mar-19 @ 10:27 PM
I'm middle eastern who's married to an EU national and we moved to the UK in September 2018. I'm on Tier 2 General Visa and work for a University. My EU husband works in private industry without any particular visa or work permit. Here is my question: I want to quit my job and take up another position in a private company. Am I still eligible to work in the UK as a non-EU spouse of N EU citizen? what type of visa do I need? Is it a dependant visa? Can I seek employment with a dependant visa? Or my target company should apply for a license and apply for my visa? Thank you
ShadMan - 28-Feb-19 @ 9:07 AM
What about those EU who have been staying for 2-3yeats only ..are these allowed to come and work still,after brexiting.? What aboutif they come to finish few jobs , like 10 yo 12 jobs a year, each of about 2weeks? Will they be able to continue?
ANA - 25-Feb-19 @ 12:36 AM
@Nina - You have the right to live and work in the UK without any restrictions. Your husband can apply for an EEA family permit even before you find work as long as you are self sufficient. Once the EEA family permit is approved you should both apply for National insurance numbers
TJ. - 23-Feb-19 @ 9:09 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Dre
    Re: EU Citizens Working in the UK
    Hi I live in uk for last 19 years, I got slovakian I'd card, my son got uk citizenship.Do I need to register for permanent…
    28 January 2020
  • Lahm
    Re: Asylum Seekers and Permission to Work in the UK
    Hi iam asylum seeker . I waiting my decision for more than year. How can I apply for permit to work . Let…
    28 January 2020
  • Beai
    Re: UK Policies on Illegal Immigrants
    Hi I have been leaving illegally in England over 3 years, what is the best way to get a resident permit visa for here
    26 January 2020
  • Johnny
    Re: Marrying a UK Citizen
    At best... few of those commenting, wont be a drain on the UK, if they get their way. At worst, some will cost us more than just money.
    26 January 2020
  • Billy
    Re: Marrying a UK Citizen
    I was an illegal immigrant in U.K from India hen I met a British born woman who I had been in a relationship for many years. I then meet…
    26 January 2020
  • Billy
    Re: Marrying a UK Citizen
    I was an illegal immigrant in U.K. then I met a British born woman who I had been in a relationship for many years. I then meet another…
    26 January 2020
  • Shai
    Re: Deportation from the UK
    Hi, my brother lived most his live in the uk and been convicted for drug offences.he has recently received a letter from home office that…
    25 January 2020
  • Erick
    Re: Applying for Visas for Extended Family
    Hello , we are first generation British family living in the UK , we have nieces in the Philippines we wish to…
    22 January 2020
  • Isabela
    Re: Claiming a VAT Refund When Leaving the UK
    Can a person who is 14 years old claim VAT back? My nice is in the UK on holidays and doing some shopping. She…
    22 January 2020
  • Jimmy
    Re: Marrying a UK Citizen
    Hi I am a british citizen born here like all my generations have been . I am in a long distance relationship with a kenyan girl . I plan in…
    20 January 2020