Home > Life in the UK > Deportation from the UK

Deportation from the UK

By: Louise Smith, barrister - Updated: 4 Feb 2019 | comments*Discuss
Deportation From The Uk

In some circumstances a foreign national may face deportation from the UK.

Deportation Orders

Under UK immigration law a deportation order may be made against a foreign national. A deportation order not only authorises the individual’s removal from the UK but also makes him liable to be held in custody until he is removed.

A deportation order also means that the foreign national is ineligible to return to the UK while the order remains in force and takes precedence over any visa or other leave the foreign national previously obtained.

The Criteria for a Deportation Order

A foreign national may be made the subject of a deportation order for a number of reasons. These include:
  • The Secretary of State believes that is in the interests of the public good that the foreign national is removed from the UK;
  • The foreign national is the spouse, civil partner or child of an individual who is the subject of a deportation order; or,
  • The foreign national is over 17 years old, has been convicted of a criminal offence which carries with it a prison sentence and the court which sentenced the foreign national recommended that he be deported once he has served his sentence.
There is a general presumption that a deportation order is in the interests of the public good and that this consideration will outweigh all over factors – unless deportation would breach the individual’s human rights or his rights under the European refugees convention. Indeed a deportation order should not be made against an individual if removing them from the UK would lead to a breach of the UK’s duties under the European conventions on human rights and / or refugees.

The Effect of a Deportation Order

Once a deportation order has been made against, and served on, a foreign national he may be held in detention without any further warning. Alternatively, other restrictions may be placed on his activities while he remains in the UK. When the foreign national is given notice of the deportation order he will also be notified of his rights of appeal.

Family Members of an Individual Facing Deportation

Although the family members of an immigrant facing deportation are also liable to be deported they may avoid deportation in certain circumstances. The spouse or civil partner of an individual facing deportation may not be deported if they have either qualified to live in the UK themselves – and not just as a family member of the immigrant to be deported – or if they live apart from them.

The children of a foreign national facing deportation may avoid being deported if they live with one of their parents separately from the individual to be deported, if they live alone and support themselves, or if they got married or entered into a civil partnership before the question of deportation arose.

Under UK immigration law a spouse or civil partner who has been deported because of their relationship with a deportee may apply to re-enter the UK if the marriage or partnership is ended. A child who has been deported may apply to re-enter when he reaches the age of 18.

Deportation After a Criminal Conviction

If a foreign national is convicted of a criminal offence which results in a prison sentence they are liable to be deported when they are released for prison. In some cases the sentencing judge will recommend that the individual be deported at the same time as he sentences them to prison.

The more serious the offence, the more likely a judge is to recommend that the foreign national be deported. Whether or not a judge has recommended deportation, when a foreign national is approaching the end of their sentence the Prison Service should notify the immigration authorities of his impending release. This should be done sufficiently far in advance so that preparations for deportation can be commenced in good time.

In cases where no recommendation for deportation was made by the sentencing judge a foreign national should be considered for deportation if he received a prison sentence of longer than one year, or two years in the case of a European citizen. In deciding whether a foreign national should be deported after he has served his sentence the immigration authorities will take into account the offender’s age, his links to the UK and the seriousness of his offence.

Administrative Removal

Since October 2000 a foreign national who is in breach of UK immigration law may face administrative removal rather than deportation. This could apply in the case of a foreign national who has breached the conditions of his leave to enter or remain in the UK, or who obtained permission to stay in the UK through deception.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
@Jodie - Your friend is free to apply for a visitor visa to the UK however the circumstances surrounding his previous deportation from the UK will definitely be considered in his application.
TJ. - 4-Feb-19 @ 2:36 PM
A friend has been deported from the uk and wishes to return to visit his family here. He has done his 10 year ban and wonders if he can now visit for holidays?
Jodie - 31-Jan-19 @ 3:49 PM
Hi, My Husband was deported to Jamaica in 2009 after serving a 42 month prison sentence, he was detained in detention then released after 8 months, spent 2 years out whilst reporting weekly to sign on and was eventually redetained and deported. We have been married 15 years have 3 Children aged between 15 & 2 years myself and the children are all British nationals and have always resided in the UK with all immediate family here too. His deportation order is now expired and I want to apply for him to return to the UK to settle permanently. He has no further convictions only the one which he was sentenced to 14 years ago. Will he be able to return?
Car - 9-Jan-19 @ 9:29 PM
Hi I’ve got my husband who is in prison who was charged for a fake driving license so the judge sentenced him with 9 month prison so half of it that is four and a half month I just want to know if he will be deported after his sentence because he is an overstayed and we have a baby who is born in uk 9 month ago aand he is a family man I depend everything on him and my kids needs their dad I’ve got a 10 years old son as well
Ji - 1-Jan-19 @ 9:57 PM
My brother went to jail for 14 months then at the end of his sentence he was placed in a detention center. He then got out on bail.2 months ago he went to report at immigration then they took him back to a detention centre. Today he was deported, he has a 7 year old and a baby due to be born in the next weeks. He’s left his family, friends and gf to go back to the USA. What are his chances of coming back or is there anything we can do?
nicolexx - 22-Dec-18 @ 3:40 PM
Can you please tell me haw is the best way and who do I have to contact to find out if my husband hes been banned of entering in Uk. Thank you.
Ella - 10-Dec-18 @ 12:31 AM
My husband was sentenced to 12 weeks in prison for assault.In May 2018 he got British citizenship, he has also European passport. Can he be deported?
Br - 9-Dec-18 @ 2:11 PM
What happens if someone returns to the UK. After being deported only a year ago
Black panther - 4-Nov-18 @ 5:42 AM
my application refused for Tier 4 student because of not submitted English language certificate on time and no gave appeal chance. I went JR and refused that. then I decided to go back my country. I mailed homeoffice for my passport and documents then they said book ticket send us by mail. I send them and they said I can pick my documents at airport. I picked my documents and went by voluntary. how many years I banned?
Santhosh - 27-Oct-18 @ 5:03 PM
@Advice - If he is caught trying to mislead the Home Office he will be banned from the UK for a further 10 years.
TJ. - 25-Oct-18 @ 7:22 AM
Hey, my husband got deported from uk back in june 2009, so by june 2019 his 10years ban will be lifted, he been send back to Sri lanka and now he is in India and got Indian citizenship / passport etc.. Now we been married for past 1yr & 8months i got my Indefinite leave. My question is can he apply as a indian?? will his data like fingerprints will still be in the system ??? does he have to mention this previous incidents in application form???could you please advice me on this we both are very confused and dont have a clue what to do. Thanks in advance
Advice - 25-Oct-18 @ 12:35 AM
@worried - Unfortunately people with Indefinite Leave to Remain in the UK can be deported if they commit criminal offences. Your son should've applied for British citizenship as soon as he had the chance.
TJ. - 24-Oct-18 @ 7:28 PM
My son is 21. he has been in the country since he was 1. was arrested and didnt do communty service so was given 18months sentence. Now he has been served with deportation order. He has residence permit( indefinite leave to remain) has been out the country only once when he was 8 for two weeks. All family is here in the UK, he has a daughter here who he saw every week before he was sent down. what can we do to help him and what are the chances of him being sent to a country he doesnt know with no family. i am a british citizen
worried - 23-Oct-18 @ 9:46 PM
Hi my brother was deported in 2008 after spending 2 years of a 4 years sentence for possession of a class C drug. What are his changes of coming back to the UK?
Pnice - 17-Oct-18 @ 7:58 PM
I am domestic violence victim who got married to my ex husband from Pakistan I am a British citizen. Only because of me he came into the uk and got his indefinite visa I am now divorced and have 3 children with him which he has never bothered with he is a Pakistani national and living in uk free not paying tax and breaking the law by selling drugs I want your help please contact me 07865655827
Zainab - 17-Oct-18 @ 5:06 PM
@Zana - Your friend cannot return to the UK until her deportation order is lifted. A deportation order cannot be lifted until a minimum of 10 years has passed since deportation
TJ. - 12-Oct-18 @ 12:11 PM
Hi just wanted found outmy friend was deported from uk 5 years ago she didn't understand English and not sure for how long she was deported.But today she wants come back she have family in uk.What she need to do? Applay for comingto uk or just come back? Thanks
Zana - 11-Oct-18 @ 5:14 PM
My daughter is a runner citizen who was arrested in 2008 and served 2years 9months released 0ct 2010 and voluntarily sent to Portugal after her release....all her family live and work here in the UK....will she be able to enter the UK now as she has no support system or family there and has a mental illness bipolar
Tully - 10-Oct-18 @ 6:44 PM
Hello, my husband now is waiting for deportation. He has a deportation order and also signed annex from Governor. From immigration service, they told him that have to wait just for flight ticket. How long more we have to wait until he receive a ticket for flight? How long take to deport him after all documents are ready? Thank you!
MaxiDesi - 10-Oct-18 @ 4:52 PM
hello i need help i got deportation order say that you convicted 10 out 8 conviction. is a error on my deportation because i did not do that crime.only one frudelant identity.and i been sentence for 11 month.if i tell home office about it will any changing happened and still they deported me.what should i do. i have evindence that i did not do that prevoius crime. please help me with that thanks.
sam - 6-Oct-18 @ 8:25 PM
hi i m in detention now.after been sentenced for 11 month.i got deportation order now.they will arranging my travel document.i just like know once i deported can i apply for come back to marry with british citizen in india.
sam - 5-Oct-18 @ 2:57 PM
Hello, Trying to find out if here is a risk of deportation for my parents. I brought them over to the UK on Adult dependent visa and I was the sponsor. NOw both of them have their ILRs. Since then I lost the ability to support them financially (long term illness) so I was thinking about applying for pension credit for them. We are worried that because we apply for this benefit before they got their Uk passports, they will breach their visa conditions and will be deported back to Russia. Does anyone have any opinion on that please?
TC - 2-Oct-18 @ 5:57 PM
Hi i just to know that can a deported person come to uk after getting with a uk national ?!
Wiki - 28-Sep-18 @ 11:34 PM
Hello, I was deported from the UK in 2002 for working more than 19 hours as a student. it is 16 years now since i got deported. I want to return but i want to know if i stand any chance. Thanks.
Bolton - 28-Sep-18 @ 5:06 PM
Hi m in this country since 2011 without visa and I m going to reporting Center since last two years I have five years old child born in uk my wife also have no any documents and we r from India if it possible home Office deport me if yes yes how long and what is the procedure of this
Jassi - 23-Sep-18 @ 7:25 AM
@Help - Anyone issued with a deportation order after being sentenced to 4 years or more in prison is banned from the UK for LIFE. Your brother can never return to the UK
TJ. - 3-Sep-18 @ 12:50 PM
Hi My brother was voluntarily deported a few years ago from prison after serving a 10 and half year sentence. He has been abroad for 2 years now. He never received any form of documentation stating a ban. How do I find out if he has a ban and if he is allowed to come back as he has most of his family here. Before he got arrested he had indefinite leave to remain but never made a UK passport. As he was in prison for so long the immigration revoked the indefinite leave to remain and returned his foreign passport. Does he have a chance to come back? Thanks
Help - 3-Sep-18 @ 10:35 AM
Hi good day. I have several questions 1. My relative is in custody in HMP Manchester. He is foreign nationality. Do you know where we can monitor the Early Removal Scheme? Is it informed to anyone? 2. He also sentenced for deportation. Where can we find out the details of the deportation i.e the dates, the flights etc? Thank you very much for the answer
Jo - 30-Aug-18 @ 5:02 AM
Hi, I want to know if a ex.tier 4 student with an expired visa (in 2014), with no right to work in Uk, with 2 years prison sentence for DV, (for 3 ABH assaults)who is subject of deportation, who,even have a child here (child is not British) but live with mother and he had never contributed in any way and show his lack of interest in family life and ispermitted only by indirect contact with child via email,he has appealed because of his deportation order, I want to know how many chances are for this person to be deported ?I mean to say is very probably to be deported or have chances to still remain in the UK even after all enumerate? I am the victim and is been a long journey, more than 4 years for me and i can"t wait for this situation to finish. Despite being a strong woman (what didn't kill me had made me more stronger)I still live in fears, looking back over my shoulder, always with my personal alarm,etc. Until he will be removed from this country, I will not live in peace.I mention that he appealed the home office decided to be deported but I don"t know in witch backgrounds...Please, give me your opinion regarding this matter...how many chances are for him to be deported? Any chances to remain?(hopefully not) , and why you believe that can be? thank you kindly
Serenity - 25-Aug-18 @ 12:02 AM
@Hakeem - A deportation order lasts for a minimum of 10 years.
TJ. - 20-Aug-18 @ 8:38 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Nina
    Re: EU Citizens Working in the UK
    Hi TJ - I am an Australian & German citizen currently in the UK with my Australian husband. We are residing here on my EU…
    22 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Marrying a UK Resident
    @Siergoth - If you get married in Uruguay you can apply for a family visa as a spouse and come to the UK if you meet the requirements.…
    22 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Marrying a UK Resident
    @sab - please follow this link for guidance. gov.uk/marriages-civil-partnerships/giving-notice-at-your-local-register-office
    22 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Applying for Visas for Extended Family
    @Rich mcd - Your step daughter will not be able to apply for a family visa as a dependant because she is over 18. She…
    22 February 2019
  • Rich mcd
    Re: Applying for Visas for Extended Family
    Thank you for your reply. I am a little confused though because of the clause you mention above: "Children over the…
    22 February 2019
  • Siergoth
    Re: Marrying a UK Resident
    Hello,I am Uruguayan and my girlfriend is a UK citizen,if we get married in Uruguay,can I move there and work right away ?
    22 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Applying for Visas for Extended Family
    @Rich mcd - Your step daughter cannot apply for a family visa as a dependant as she is over 18. She will have to…
    21 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Applying for Visas for Extended Family
    @Annluv - If your sister and her children are truly dependant on your parents then she should apply for an EU family…
    21 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: The Citizenship Ceremony
    @Matt - Your girlfriend is an EU citizen allowed to live and work in the UK without any restrictions. Upon arriving in the UK she…
    21 February 2019
  • TJ.
    Re: Marrying a UK Citizen
    @kasia30 - You can only apply for British citizenship once you have been granted settled status.
    21 February 2019